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Different Intelligence agencies of India and their roles

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Introduction

India in the recent years has proven to be as one of the strongest countries all around the world and the availability of different intelligence agencies of India are considered as the main reason for it. These intelligence agencies are playing a major role in providing information and securing country from number of factors such as War, Terrorist activities and much more. Every country has his own Intelligence agencies which are securing country from Terrorism and other factors. One can define Intelligence Agencies as government owned agencies responsible for collecting information, analyzing information in support of law, security and other objectives.

Different Intelligence agencies of India and their roles

Intelligence agency of India

1. RAW: The full form of RAW is Research and Analysis Wing. It is a primary foreign Intelligence agency of India. The primary job of the RAW is to collect information related to intelligence and terrorism; apart from these they also analyze information about foreign government, peoples, organizations and corporation. It is known and considered as an effective organization of India and major source of national power. It is formed on 21 September 1968 under the guidance of Mr. Rameshwar Nath Kao, the first director of RAW. It was formed after Sino-Indian War in 1962 and Indo- Pakistani War in 1965. The purpose of RAW is to collect and analyze information related to both national and international intelligence. Raw is one of the known foreign intelligence agencies of India and has involved in number of operations since his formation. Some of the operations are.

Operation Leech: It took place in 1998 on Indo – Myanmar border, where RAW along with the Indian Army put an end to KIA (Kiachin Independence Army).

The Snatch Operation: This time RAW along with the Investigative Bureau stopped terrorists to invade India from neighboring countries like Nepal and Bhutan.

Intelligence agency of India

2. IB: The full form of IB is Intelligence Bureau. It is one of oldest and repudiated intelligence agency of the world. It is considered as one of the known India’s Intelligence agency. Primary it was external intelligence agency of India but after formation of RAW it is considered as the internal intelligence agency of India. The main role of IB is to gather information related to terrorist activities going to take place in different parts of India apart from these it is also responsible for collection information especially from border areas. It is formed in 23 December 1887 and its headquarters is in New Delhi, India. Mr. Dineshwar Sharma is the current director of Intelligence Bureau. The purpose of IB is to collect and analyze information related to nation defence and security.

Major Operation of IB: One of the major operations conducted by IB is the arrest of most wanted terrorist Mohammed Ahmed Sidibapa also called as Yasin Bhatkal. It is believed that he is involved in 10 bombing attacks in last five years taken place in cities across India namely Mumbai, Pune, Delhi, Ahmadabad and Bangalore. IB collected Information from people from whom Yasin Bhatkal used to meet and arrested him from Nepal where he was living.

Intelligence agency of India

3. Army Intelligence: It was set up in 1941 in order to gather information and intelligence for the Indian army. Its headquarters is based in Sena Bhavan in New Delhi. The organization has about 700 officers also have both men’s and women’s officers.

Operation: One of the operations performed by Indian army under the guidance of Army Chief General Dalbir Singh and National Security Advisor Ajit Doval in response to killing of its 18 troops in Manipur by militants. On the basis of information received about the camps of NSCN (Khaplang) and its operatives, Indian Army has started the mission and according to the report about 20 suspected militants was killed.
The operation therefore shows the aggressive face of Indian army and a signal to diminish any terrorist activities and threats.

Intelligence agency of India

4. NIA: The full form of NIA is National Investigation Agency. It is a central agency formed by Indian government in order to diminish terrorism in India. It also acts as Central Counter Terrorism Law Enforcement Agency. NIA is responsible for handling terror activities across the states of India. NIA is formed in 2009 after Mumbai terror attacks which took place on 26 November 2008. Mr. Radhavinod Raju is the first Director General of NIA and served NIA till 31 January 2010. It is aimed to counter terrorism and security issues related to the country. They are also responsible for developing high trained professionals and workforce.

Operation: In 2012 with the coordination of Interpol and Saudi Intelligence agencies NIA has successfully arrested number of terrorists namely Abu Jundal, Fasih Mohammad and Yaseen Bhatkal.

On 29th August 2013 NIA has successfully arrested senior member of Indian Mujahedeen, namely Ahmed Siddibappa Zaraar from Indo Nepal border in Bihar.

Intelligence agency of India

5. CBI: The full form of CBI is Central Bureau of Investigation. It comes under the jurisdiction of Government of India. It is an investigation agency of India which ensures proper functioning of the nation. It’s headquarter is in New Delhi, with number of offices located in the major cities of the country. It was established in the year 1941 as Special Police Establishment and was renamed as Central Bureau of Investigation on 1 April 1963 whose role is to ensure nation security. The CBI comes under the Department of Personnel and Training of the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions of the Union Government, headed by a Union Minister who reports directly to the Prime Minister.

Operation: One of the major operations handled by CBI is alleged transaction of Rs 6000 crore to Hong Kong from a Bank of Baroda Branch. It is said that Rs. 6000 crore was transferred through 8000 transactions from July 2014 to July 2015. CBI on the basis of Information received from FBI, cracked hacking hubs from multiple locations in India namely Mumbai, Pune and Ghaziabad and arrested one person under the Information Technology Violation Act.

Intelligence agency of India

6. CID: The full form of CDI is Crime Investigation Department; it is an intelligence and investigation department and comes under the State Government. It was formed back on 1902 by British Government by the recommendation of Police Commission; later in 1929 it was splited into number of branches namely Anti-Narcotics Cell, Finger Print Bureau, Anti-Terrorism wing and many others.

Operation: Operation Muskaan one of the major operations carried out by CID. It is monitored and executed by team of CID which is headed by Sampat Meena. The operation Muskaan is focussed on finding out the children’s who were gone missing across the state by gathering their information through FIRs or registered entries as well. The operation has started with five core members of CID namely Amol V Homkar (SP), Anuranjan Kispotta (ASP), Phoolan Nath (Inspector) and Shankar Jha (Inspector) and Sampat Meena who is the head of the Operation. According to the report, the Operation is carried out in two stages and 700 children’s are being rescued till July 29, 2015.

Intelligence agency of India




7. DRI: The full form of DRI is Directorate of Revenue Intelligence; it is an Indian Intelligence agency. It is run by Central Excise and Custom officers. Earlier it is associated with smuggling of Gold but now it also handles economic crimes and narcotics. It comes under the Central Board of Excise and Customs in the Ministry of Finance, Department of Revenue. Its headquarter is in New Delhi, headed by Director General which is further divided into seven zones, headed by Additional Director General and further sub divided into Regional Units, Sub-Regional Units and Intelligence Cells, headed by Additional Directors, Joint Directors, Deputy Directors, Assistant Directors, Senior Intelligence Officers and Intelligence Officers.

Operation: DRI along with AIU (Air Intelligence Unit) has arrested four peoples who are carrying undeclared foreign currency worth of 3.2 crores from three different airports of the country.

Intelligence agency of India




8. NCTC: The full form of NCTC National Counter Terrorism Centre, a proposed federal anti terror agency to be created in India, modelled on the structure and function of NCTC USA. It was proposed after 26 November 2008 Mumbai attacks in order to counter terrorist attacks against India. It is also considered as the highest body in order to control and counter terrorist activities in India. It is a part of IB, headed by a Director and will report to Director of IB and Home Secretary. The purpose of NCTC is to undertake various terror counter operations and to collect information on various terrorists and their families in order to maintain a database of them.

Sources: Wikipedia, Tehlka, Indian Express, Topyaps, DNA India, India today, First post.